Omar Samir Khalaf
The book is co-authored by: Wael Gamal, Salameh Keileh, Shimaa ElSharkawy, Raja Kassab, Fathi Al-Chamkhi, Heba Khalil and Toufic Haddad
Publishers: Arab Forum for Alternatives and Rosa Luxemburg Foundation
Translated by: Sonia Farid
Liberal theorists argue that exploitation, repressive regimes, and women’s submission to men in nuclear families is only a normal outcome of human nature and the distribution of privileges among people and nations . Socialists, on the other hand, see the afore-mentioned aspects as the outcome of human history rather than human nature. The difference in point of view is one example of how problematic it is to agree on a perception of human nature and human relations within the basic social units. This difference in perception is also reflected in theories on the emergence of the state and its relation to collective values, on top of which is social justice. The situation gets even more problematic in the Arab region where the issue is endowed with historical and religious dimensions that make some regard current gaps between citizens and regions in the same country as natural and even predetermined. However, such gaps could only be the result of developments in the structure of Arab states and societies and the relationship between then. This is exactly what this paper attempts to analyze through three main factors: the structure if the Arab state, the structure of the city in the Arab region, and class structure in the region.