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The state and social justice in the Arab region: A crisis of policies or structure?

social justice Eng.jpg

Mohamed Elagati

Omar Samir Khalaf

Chapter in a book: Social Justice in the Arab Region between Street Politics and Political Paths

The book is co-authored by: Wael Gamal, Salameh Keileh, Shimaa ElSharkawy, Raja Kassab, Fathi Al-Chamkhi, Heba Khalil and Toufic Haddad

Publishers:  Arab Forum for Alternatives and Rosa Luxemburg Foundation

Translated by: Sonia Farid

Liberal theorists argue that exploitation, repressive regimes, and women’s submission to men in nuclear families is only a normal outcome of human nature and the distribution of privileges among people and nations . Socialists, on the other hand, see the afore-mentioned aspects as the outcome of human history rather than human nature. The difference in point of view is one example of how problematic it is to agree on a perception of human nature and human relations within the basic social units. This difference in perception is also reflected in theories on the emergence of the state and its relation to collective values, on top of which is social justice. The situation gets even more problematic in the Arab region where the issue is endowed with historical and religious dimensions that make some regard current gaps between citizens and regions in the same country as natural and even predetermined. However, such gaps could only be the result of developments in the structure of Arab states and societies and the relationship between then. This is exactly what this paper attempts to analyze through three main factors: the structure if the Arab state, the structure of the city in the Arab region, and class structure in the region.

Read the full book and download a copy of it

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Can party-line commitment be achieved in the Egyptian case?

Enالإلتزام الحزبى

Mohammad Al-Agati
Researcher, Director, Arab Forum for Alternatives[1]

The final chapter in the book: Commitment to the Party Line: Egyptian and International Experiences

With: Ahmed Fawzy, Nick Sigler, Sameh Makram Ebeid, And Jacqui Smith

Party line commitment is defined as the commitment of a political party’s members to the party’s programme, the resolutions of its general policy, and the tools for implementing the party’s decisions, in addition to showing loyalty to the party. This makes the issue of party line commitment similar to the ‘Carrot and Stick’ approach in which distribution and management are subject to the extent of approval of a member’s votes and his/her commitment to loyalty to the party. Party members adopting certain attitudes and stances that contradict the basic principles of the party would bring harm to the party’s reputation. They would lead to the party losing the trust of people and citizens, since adopting attitudes or stances that are not in line with the party’s basic guidelines on a certain issue can be used against the party in the media and in political skirmishes, leading to people losing confidence in the political party.

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[1] Assistant researcher: Nouran Sayed Ahmad, assistant researcher at Arab Forum for Alternatives

To read the study and download a copy of the book

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